In “Exploring the Relationship between Information and Communication Technology Collective Behaviors and Sense of Community: An Urban Refugee Analysis” Canevez et al. argues that technology have a a strong impact on belonging to your community.
Canevez et al. studied the relationship between collective behaviors and sense of community, as well as considered self-efficacy and gender. They used a “quantitative, survey study methodology” and fed the information into a regression model to analyze their data. From their analysis, they found that self-efficacy is a positive predictor of sense of community and that gender had little effect on the sense of community because women weren’t looked at as having strong technological skills, with the p-value being .981. The team also proposed ways to expand their research, which includes considering community characteristics intersected with sense of community, as well as using more sophisticated models to provide more insight into which features have a greater weight.
This was a long paper, so following it became a little difficult, but the results make a lot of sense. If people are confident in their technological abilities and help each other out, then I can definitely see how that would make a strong sense of community. So, based off of this paper, there is an argument that could be made that technology brings people closer, not because of their telecommunication features, but because of the opportunity it provides for people to help each other out.